The California End of Life Option Act allows mentally competent, terminally-ill adult state residents to voluntarily request and receive a prescription medication so they can die in a peaceful, humane manner in a place and time of their choosing. Also known as Death with Dignity, after the model Oregon law, the option the Act creates is one of many end-of-life care options available in the Golden State.

California legislators and Governor Brown approved the law in 2015. It went into effect on June 9, 2016.